Week 4- Social Cognitive Views of Learning and Motivation

Three Things I Learned:

  1. There is motivation behind everything you do whether you realize it or not. You are either intrinsically motivated which is the natural human tendency to conquer challenges. Or you are extrinsically motivated which means you are doing something to avoid something else, such as a bad consequence.
  2. Another thing I learned is that when setting goals there four main reasons people do things. The four reasons are direct attention, energized effort, increased persistence, or to promote development of new knowledge and strategies. These goals can be simple such as getting a result from the way you dress, or taking different steps in order to obtain a new job.
  3. Lastly I learned that success and failure can be characterised in terms of locus, stability, and controllability.

Two Connections I Made:

  1. One connection I made with the self-regulating is looking back on my elementary school years is the students who had parents who were more controlling, or who were not often involved in extracurricular activities were not as good at self-regulating compared to the students who were allowed to make their own decisions and given opportunity to participate in different extracurricular activities and interact with others.
  2. Another connection I made was with self-efficacy. Students who have a positive surrounding in both people and their environment often believe in themselves and their abilities to complete tasks and goals and be successful.

One Question I Still Have:

A question I still have is about Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, and what type of information he based the order of needs off of, and if it would change if different data may be taken into account.

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Week 3- Social and Moral Development

Three Things I Learned:

  1. One thing that was new to me was the different systems Bronfenbrenner’s Theory has, and how each one gets a little broader. The systems are microsystem, mesosystem, ecosystem, and macros system. Starts from immediate relationships such as family and friend groups and expands out to the larger society.
  2. Another thing that I learned was that there are four main types of parenting that can directly affect student’s actions. Students who have strict parents (authoritarian) will generally be those who are more hostile in school, while those parents who have very little control over their children (permissive) will often act very immature and demanding.
  3. Lastly I learned that the background of the individual and the types of people that surround them will have a huge impact on their morals, beliefs, values, and what their perception of right and wrong is.

Two Connections I Made:

  1. A connection I made was with how the brain can have huge effects on how your body functions and reacts. It is easy to see that some students may be lacking sleep not because they come from a home that may not have ideal environments, but because especially in adolescent years’ students are always thinking about what they have to get done or what others may be thinking of them.
  2. Another connection I made was to how teachers play a huge role in the success and relationships of students. In my experiences the teachers who were my favourite were the ones who had a level of respect for students that other teachers may have lacked, and were also the ones who went the extra mile to show that they cared about more than just delivering the curriculum. Those teachers also hold students accountable to a certain level of responsibility that other teachers lacked.

One Question I Still Have:

Something that leaves me still wondering after doing the reading and attending the lecture is how you can begin to create a safe space for students who may be vulnerable due to different culture or gender and begin to teach about these topics without students being uncomfortable or making jokes or inappropriate comments.

Week 2- Cognitive Development

Three things I Learned:

  1. One thing that stuck out to me about Piaget’s theory was that it focused strictly on the development of the child and how they think to make sense of how they develop in each stage.
  2. Another is that Vygotsky’s theory looks more at the relationships and places that surround the child and base their development from that.
  3. Lastly I learned that by looking at how each and every individual is orientated will help us to understand what direction they go with their leaning and development and why they do so.

Two Connections I Made:

  1. One connection I can make from this week is through my work experience as a coach. When working with children before the age of 3 lots of them have similar patterns and actions as they are at very similar stages in their development, but when I am working with older child from ages 6-12 you can tell that all 6 year olds or all 8 year old, although the same age, are at very different stages of development both physically and mentally.
  2. Another connection I made is with how your relationships and social surrounding affect your development, because as a child I was given a lot of opportunity to be surrounded by my peers, friends and at a very younger age team mates, and these people allowed me to grow and helped shape who I am.

One Question I Still Have:

  1. After thinking about both of Piaget’s theory and Vygotsky’s theory, is there other theorists like them who has a theory where parts of both Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s theories?